trademark and copyright symbols

Don’t use alphabetic substitutes

Your key­board includes a trade­mark sym­bol , a reg­is­tered trade­mark sym­bol ®, and a copy­right sym­bol ©.

Use these sym­bols when you need them. Don’t use alpha­betic approx­i­ma­tions like (TM) or (c).

(c) 2015 Mega­Corp (TM)wrong
© 2015 Mega­Corp™right

Trade­mark sym­bols are set as super­scripts—smaller char­ac­ters posi­tioned above the base­line of the text (Roxy’s Pizza™, Car­ing Is Our Busi­ness®). If you use proper trade­mark sym­bols, they’ll appear at the right size and height. No space is needed between the text and the trade­mark sym­bol.

Copy­right sym­bols appear in line with the text (© 1999). Use a nonbreaking space between the copy­right sym­bol and the year to ensure the two don’t end up on dif­fer­ent lines or pages.